Skip to content

Early neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants.

CPQCC Publication
TitleEarly neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRogers EE, Hintz SR
JournalSemin Perinatol
Date Published2016 12
KeywordsBiomedical Research, Brain, Developmental Disabilities, Fetal Organ Maturity, Humans, Infant, Extremely Premature, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Diseases, Infant, Very Low Birth Weight, Neonatology, Nervous System Diseases, Risk Factors, Survival Rate

Infants born at extreme preterm gestation are at risk for both death and disability. Although rates of survival have improved for this population, and some evidence suggests a trend toward decreased neuromotor impairment over the past decades, a significant improvement in overall early neurodevelopmental outcome has not yet been realized. This review will examine the rates and types of neurodevelopmental impairment seen after extremely preterm birth, including neurosensory, motor, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. We focus on early outcomes in the first 18-36 months of life, as the majority of large neonatal studies examining neurodevelopmental outcomes stop at this age. However, this early age is clearly just a first glimpse into lifetime outcomes; the neurodevelopmental effects of extreme prematurity may last through school age, adolescence, and beyond. Importantly, prematurity appears to be an independent risk factor for adverse development, but this population demonstrates considerable variability in the types and severity of impairments. Understanding both the nature and prevalence of neurodevelopmental impairment among extremely preterm infants is important because it can lead to targeted interventions that in turn may lead to improved outcomes.

Alternate JournalSemin Perinatol
PubMed ID27865437