|Title||Effect of time of birth on maternal morbidity during childbirth hospitalization in California.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Lyndon A, Lee HC, Gay C, Gilbert WM, Gould JB, Lee KA|
|Journal||Am J Obstet Gynecol|
|Date Published||2015 Nov|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, California, Cesarean Section, Delivery, Obstetric, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Logistic Models, Mothers, Obstetric Labor Complications, Parturition, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Time Factors, Young Adult|
OBJECTIVE: This observational study aimed to determine the relationship between time of birth and maternal morbidity during childbirth hospitalization.
STUDY DESIGN: Composite maternal morbidities were determined using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification and vital records codes, using linked hospital discharge and vital records data for 1,475,593 singleton births in California from 2005 through 2007. Time of birth, day of week, and sociodemographic, obstetric, and hospital volume risk factors were estimated using mixed effects logistic regression models.
RESULTS: The odds for pelvic morbidity were lowest between 11 PM-7 AM compared to other time periods and the reference value of 7-11 AM. The odds for pelvic morbidity peaked between 11 AM-7 PM (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1101-1500 = 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-1.09; 1501-1900 = 1.08; 95% CI, 1.06-1.10). Odds for severe morbidity were higher between 11 PM-7 AM (AOR, 2301-0300 = 1.31; 95% CI, 1.21-1.41; 0301-0700 = 1.30; 95% CI, 1.20-1.41) compared to other time periods. The adjusted odds were not statistically significant for weekend birth on pelvic morbidity (AOR, Saturday = 1.00; 95% CI, 0.98-1.02]; Sunday = 1.01; 95% CI, 0.99-1.03) or severe morbidity (AOR, Saturday = 1.09; 95% CI, 1.00-1.18; Sunday = 1.03; 95% CI, 0.94-1.13). Cesarean birth, hypertensive disorders, birthweight, and sociodemographic factors that include age, race, ethnicity, and insurance status were also significantly associated with severe morbidity.
CONCLUSION: Even after controlling for sociodemographic factors and known risks such as cesarean birth and pregnancy complications such as hypertensive disorders, birth between 11 PM-7 AM is a significant independent risk factor for severe maternal morbidity.
|Alternate Journal||Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4631702|
|Grant List||KL2 RR024130 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States|