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Effects of gestational age at delivery and type of labor on neonatal outcomes among infants with gastroschisis.

CPQCC Publication
TitleEffects of gestational age at delivery and type of labor on neonatal outcomes among infants with gastroschisis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGirsen AI, Davis AS, Hintz SR, Fluharty E, Sherwin K, Trepman P, Desai A, Mansour T, Sylvester KG, Oshiro B, Blumenfeld YJ
JournalJ Matern Fetal Neonatal Med
Date Published2019 Sep 01

To investigate the effect of preterm gestational age (GA) on neonatal outcomes of gastroschisis and to compare the neonatal outcomes after spontaneous labor versus iatrogenic delivery both in the preterm and early term gestational periods. A retrospective study of prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis cases born at Loma Linda University Medical Center and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (Loma Linda, CA) between January 2009 and October 2016. A total of 194 prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis cases were identified and included in the analysis. We compared infants delivered <37 0/7 to those ≥37 0/7 weeks' gestation. Adverse neonatal outcome was defined as any of: sepsis, short bowel syndrome, prolonged ventilation, or death. Prolonged length of stay (LOS) was defined as ≥75th percentile value. Outcomes following spontaneous versus iatrogenic delivery were compared. Analyses were performed using chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables, and Student's -test or Wilcoxon's rank-sum test for continuous variables. One hundred and six neonates were born <37 weeks and 88 at ≥37 weeks. Adverse outcome was statistically similar among those born <37 weeks compared to ≥37 weeks (48 versus 34%,  = .07). Prolonged LOS was more frequent among neonates delivered <37 weeks ( = .03). Among neonates born <37 weeks, bowel atresia was more frequent in those with spontaneous versus iatrogenic delivery ( = .04). There was no significant difference in the adverse neonatal composite outcome between those with spontaneous preterm labor versus planned iatrogenic delivery at <37 weeks ( = 30 (58%) versus  = 21 (39%),  = .08). Neonates with gastroschisis delivered <37 weeks had prolonged LOS whereas the rate of adverse neonatal outcomes was similar between those delivered preterm versus term. Neonates born after spontaneous preterm labor had a higher rate of bowel atresia compared to those born after planned iatrogenic preterm delivery. identifier: NCT02774746.

Alternate JournalJ Matern Fetal Neonatal Med
PubMed ID31409162