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Maternal nativity status and birth outcomes in Asian immigrants.

CPQCC Publication
TitleMaternal nativity status and birth outcomes in Asian immigrants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsQin C, Gould JB
JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
Date Published2010 Oct
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Asia, Asian Americans, California, Emigrants and Immigrants, Female, Humans, Infant Mortality, Infant, Newborn, Mothers, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Outcome, Premature Birth, Vital Statistics

BACKGROUND: The study examines the relationship between maternal nativity, maternal risks and birth outcomes in six Asian sub-populations.

METHODS: U.S.- versus foreign-born immigrants of Chinese (67,222), Japanese (18,275) and Filipino (87,1208), Vietnamese (45,229), Cambodian/Laotian (21,237), and Korean (23,430) singleton live births were assessed for maternal risks and birth outcomes.

RESULTS: U.S.-born Chinese and Japanese mothers had lower risk and increased preterm births but similar infant mortality, while U.S.-born Filipino mothers had higher risk and higher infant mortality. U.S.-born mothers of more recent Cambodian/Laotian and Vietnamese immigrants had higher risk and delivered more small and preterm births, while U.S.-born Korean mothers had higher risk but no differences in preterm and low birthweight delivery.

DISCUSSION: Asians in America are a distinctly heterogenous population in terms of the relationship between maternal risk factors and birth outcomes and the influence of maternal nativity on this relationship.

Alternate JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
PubMed ID19083097