|Title||Perinatal quality improvement bundle to decrease hypothermia in extremely low birthweight infants with birth weight less than 1000 g: single-center experience over 6 years.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Bhatt DR, Reddy N, Ruiz R, Bustos DV, Peacock T, Dizon R-A, Weerasinghe S, Braun DX, Ramanathan R|
|Journal||J Investig Med|
|Date Published||2020 Jul 19|
Normothermia (36.5°C-37. 5°C) at the time of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants (birth weight <1000 g) is associated with decreased morbidity and mortality, decreased length of stay and hospital costs. We designed a thermoregulation bundle to decrease hypothermia (<36.5°C) in ELBW infants with a multidisciplinary perinatal quality improvement initiative that included the following key interventions: dedicated delivery room (DR)/operating room (OR) for all preterm deliveries of ≤32 weeks with DR/OR temperature set 24/7 at 74°F by the hospital engineering staff, use of exothermic mattress, preheated radiant warmer set at 100% for heat prior to delivery, servo-controlled mode after the neonate is placed on the warmer, and use of plastic wrap, head cap and warm towels. A total of 200 ELBW infants were admitted to our NICU between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2019. Hypothermia (<36.5°C) occurred in 2.5% of infants, normothermia (36.5°C-37.5°C) in 91% of infants and transitional hyperthermia (>37.5°C) in 6.5% of ELBW infants. No case of moderate hypothermia (32°C-36°C) was seen in our infants. Our target rate of less than 10% hypothermia was reached in ELBW infants over the last 2 years with no cases of moderate hypothermia in 6 years. Eliminating hypothermia among ELBW remains a challenge and requires team effort and continuous quality improvement efforts.
|Alternate Journal||J. Investig. Med.|