|Title||Predictors of poor neonatal outcomes in prenatally diagnosed multicystic dysplastic kidney disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Balasundaram M, Chock VY, Wu HYang, Blumenfeld YJ, Hintz SR|
|Date Published||2018 06|
|Keywords||Cause of Death, Cohort Studies, Female, Gestational Age, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal, Live Birth, Male, Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney, Postnatal Care, Predictive Value of Tests, Pregnancy, Prenatal Diagnosis, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Statistics, Nonparametric, Survival Analysis, Ultrasonography, Prenatal|
OBJECTIVE: Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is one of the most common anomalies detected by prenatal ultrasound. Our objective was to identify factors associated with severe adverse neonatal outcomes of prenatally diagnosed MCDK STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of prenatally diagnosed MCDK (1 January 2009 to 30 December 2014) from a single academic center was conducted. The primary outcome was death or need for dialysis among live-born infants. Associations between prenatal characteristics and outcome were analyzed by Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney test.
RESULTS: A total of 53 cases of prenatally suspected MCDK were included, of which 46 cases were live-born and confirmed postnatally (38 survivors, 8 non-survivors). Prenatally diagnosed extrarenal anomalies, bilateral MCDK, contralateral renal anomalies, and anhydramnios were significantly associated with death or need for dialysis (all p < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatally identified findings are associated with adverse neonatal outcome, and can guide counseling and management planning. In the absence of significant associated findings, prenatally diagnosed unilateral MCDK has a benign neonatal course.
|Alternate Journal||J Perinatol|