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Survival Without Major Morbidity Among Very Low Birth Weight Infants in California.

CPQCC Publication
TitleSurvival Without Major Morbidity Among Very Low Birth Weight Infants in California.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsLee HC, Liu J, Profit J, Hintz SR, Gould JB
Date Published2020 07
KeywordsCalifornia, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Diseases, Infant, Very Low Birth Weight, Male, Survival Rate

OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in survival without major morbidity and its individual components among very low birth weight infants across California and assess remaining gaps that may be opportune targets for improvement efforts.

METHODS: The study population included infants born between 2008 and 2017 with birth weights of 401 to 1500 g or a gestational age of 22 to 29 weeks. Risk-adjusted trends of survival without major morbidity and its individual components were analyzed. Survival without major morbidity was defined as the absence of death during birth hospitalization, chronic lung disease, severe peri-intraventricular hemorrhage, nosocomial infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, severe retinopathy of prematurity or related surgery, and cystic periventricular leukomalacia. Variations in adjusted rates and/or interquartile ranges were examined. To assess opportunities for additional improvement, all hospitals were reassigned to perform as if in the top quartile, and recalculation of predicted numbers were used to estimate potential benefit.

RESULTS: In this cohort of 49 333 infants across 142 hospitals, survival without major morbidity consistently increased from 62.2% to 66.9% from 2008 to 2017. Network variation decreased, with interquartile ranges decreasing from 21.1% to 19.2%. The largest improvements were seen for necrotizing enterocolitis and nosocomial infection. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia rates did not change significantly. Over the final 3 years, if all hospitals performed as well as the top quartile, an additional 621 infants per year would have survived without major morbidity, accounting for an additional 6.6% annual improvement.

CONCLUSIONS: Although trends are promising, bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains a common and persistent major morbidity, remaining a target for continued quality-improvement efforts.

Alternate JournalPediatrics
PubMed ID32554813
PubMed Central IDPMC7329260
Grant ListR01 HD087425 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States