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Therapeutic hypothermia during neonatal transport: current practices in California.

CPQCC Publication
TitleTherapeutic hypothermia during neonatal transport: current practices in California.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsAkula VPriya, Davis AS, Gould JB, Van Meurs K
JournalAm J Perinatol
Date Published2012 May
KeywordsArrhythmias, Cardiac, Body Temperature, California, Humans, Hypothermia, Induced, Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain, Infant, Newborn, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal, Intensive Care, Neonatal, Monitoring, Physiologic, Surveys and Questionnaires, Transportation of Patients

Therapeutic hypothermia initiated at <6 hours of age reduces death and disability in newborns ≥ 36 weeks' gestation with moderate to severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Given the limited therapeutic window, cooling during transport becomes a necessity. Our goal was to describe the current practice of therapeutic hypothermia during transport used in the state of California. All level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) were contacted to identify those units providing therapeutic hypothermia. An electronic questionnaire was sent to obtain basic information. Responses were received from 28 (100%) NICUs performing therapeutic hypothermia; 26 NICUs were cooling newborns and two were in the process of program development. Eighteen (64%) centers had cooled a patient in transport, six had not yet cooled in transport, and two do not plan to cool in transport. All 18 centers use passive cooling, except for two that perform both passive and active cooling, and 17 of 18 centers recommend initiation of cooling at the referral hospital. Reported difficulties include overcooling, undercooling, and bradycardia. Cooling on transport is being performed by majority of NICUs providing therapeutic hypothermia. Clinical protocols and devices for cooling in transport are essential to ensure safety and efficacy.

Alternate JournalAm J Perinatol
PubMed ID22143969